Vaccination. What is a Vaccine?
What is vaccination?. Is the administration of an antigen to produce immunity to a disease. It works by presenting an antigen to the immune system to evoke an immune response.
The name of its process is artificial induction of immunity, which its main effort is to protect from infectious disease. Vaccination is known to be the most effective method for preventing infectious diseases. Vaccination protects from specific diseases that can make a person sick, disable or even cause death.
What is a vaccine?. A Vaccine is a biological preparation which uses non infectious elements or relative of a bacteria or virus to improve the immunity to a particular disease. Vaccination is administered with the intention of halting the progress of the infection or also preventing it. The first vaccine was produced in 1976 by Eduard Jenner. He had made an attempt to provide protection against smallpox. Vaccines are made from weakened kill forms of microorganisms or its toxins.
There are several types of vaccines which are currently in use. They represent strategies used to reduce risk of illness, while retaining the ability to induce a beneficial immune response. The types of vaccines are the following: Killed, Attenuated, Toxoid, Subunit, Conjugate, Experimental and Valence. Vaccines are also called needles, immunizations, vaccination or shots.
The Flu vaccine also known as the Influenza vaccine is an annual shot to protect against the Influenza virus. All injected Influenza vaccines contain three types of Influenza which are: One A virus (H3N2), one regular seasonal A virus (H1N1) and one B virus. The Flu vaccine is available as injection or nasal spray. This vaccine is grown in chicken fertilized eggs. The Medical Research Council had discovered in 1980 that Influenza is caused by a virus. A virus is a small infection that can only replicate inside the living cells of organisms. Viruses infects all types of organisms such as: animals, plants and humans.
The Hepatitis vaccine is the vaccine against the namesake virus. The Hepatitis is an infectious disease on the liver. This sickness is transmitted from person to person by having contact with an infectious individual and by the ingestion of contaminated water or food. Countries with poor hygiene standards are usually high affected by this virus. Its symptoms are: Fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, appetite loss and Nausea. Having vaccination, good hygiene and sanitation will prevent from getting infected.
The Tetanus vaccine is the shot used against the agent called Clostridium tetani which causes Tetanus. Tetanus is characterized as a medical condition by a prolonged of the skeletal muscle fibers. There are four types of Tetanus which are: Neonatal tetanus, Generalized tetanus, Local tetanus and Cephalic tetanus. This medical condition can be prevented by taking the proper vaccination.
HPV also known as Human papilloma virus. The HPV vaccine prevents infection with certain human papilloma virus species that associated with cervical cancer, genital warts and some less common cancers. The name of the two vaccines against HPV are: Cervarix and Gardasil. The first preventive vaccine against HPV was approved on 2006. Nowadays vaccines are helping the majority of people around the world to prevent or cure several viruses, so it is important not to overlook any vaccination campaign.